Absolute value (object)
- For other meanings of absolute value see Absolute value (disambiguation)
Relation to norm
The reader will find this definition is very similar to that of a norm, a norm, denoted [ilmath]\Vert\cdot\Vert_v[/ilmath] instead is a map with the same properties on a vector space an absolute value is defined on a field instead. Note that all fields are vector spaces; so this really is little more than a special case.
Definition
Let [ilmath]F[/ilmath] be a field. An absolute value (AKA: real valuation^{[1]} or real valued valuation^{[1]}) on [ilmath]F[/ilmath] is a mapping, [ilmath]v[/ilmath], with the special notation defined as follows^{[1]}:
- [ilmath]\vert\cdot\vert_v:F\rightarrow\mathbb{R} [/ilmath] given by [ilmath]\vert\cdot\vert_v:x\mapsto \vert x\vert_v[/ilmath]
Such that:
- [ilmath]\forall x\in F[\vert x\vert_v\ge 0][/ilmath]
- [ilmath]\forall x\in F[(\vert x\vert_v\eq 0)\iff(x\eq 0)][/ilmath] where [ilmath]0[/ilmath] is the additive identity element of the field.
- [ilmath]\forall x,y\in F[\vert xy\vert_v\eq \vert x\vert_v\vert y\vert_v][/ilmath]
- [ilmath]\forall x,y\in F[\vert x+y\vert_v\le \vert x\vert_v+\vert y\vert_v][/ilmath]
We may omit the [ilmath]v[/ilmath] and just write [ilmath]\vert x\vert[/ilmath] or use something more meaningful than [ilmath]v[/ilmath] such as [ilmath]\infty[/ilmath] as in [ilmath]\vert\cdot\vert_\infty[/ilmath] to allow one to distinguish between various absolute values in play.
Trivial absolute value
The trivial absolute value is [ilmath]\vert\cdot\vert_T:F\rightarrow\mathbb{R} [/ilmath] (for any field [ilmath]F[/ilmath]) and acts as follows: [ilmath]\vert\cdot\vert_T:x\mapsto 1[/ilmath]. That is to say: [ilmath]\vert x\vert_T:\eq 1[/ilmath]
See also
- Norm - denoted [ilmath]\Vert\cdot\Vert_v:V\rightarrow\mathbb{R} [/ilmath] for a vector space [ilmath]V[/ilmath] with almost exactly the same set of properties (3 requires modification)
References
- ↑ ^{1.0} ^{1.1} ^{1.2} Abstract Algebra - Pierre Antoine Grillet